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Ceramics globally has been developed by various materials and methods to find suitable ceramics for specific applications. This paper discusses development of several methods in ceramic preparation such as hot-pressing, sintering, co-precipitation, and solid-state method. In 2001 up to 2019, hot-pressing method was used to manufacture ceramic B4C and SiAlCO as raw material doping by (W, Ti)C. In 2002 up to 2018 sintering method by using fly ash as raw material with an additional K2CO3, Na2CO3, and Nb2O5. In 2008,  co-precipitation method was used for CaCu3Ti4O12 (CCTO) as raw material until 2019, and then  ZrO2-Al2O3 as a newcomer ceramic material. From 2001 up to 2017,  solid-state method was used with microwave for MgTiO and 3-CaTiO with Eu and (Lu, Gd) 2O3 as a dopant. This paper provided  four methods and the materials from reported references from 2000 up to now, as guidance in producing  specific functional ceramics in the future.

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How to Cite
Harkiah, S., Rauf, N., & Tahir, D. (2022). Review of ceramic materials and recent development of preparation methods. Gravitasi, 21(2), 49-60.


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