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Indonesia is one of the developing countries that is struggling to eradicate the malnutrition problem. Malnutrition that occurs over a long period of time can have an impact on the deaths of sufferers and decrease human quality of life. This study aims to model the case of malnutrition that occurred in Indonesia Provinces during 2015 and get the main factors that cause the malnutrition problem. Variables studied consist of Malnutrition (Y), Vitamin A consumption (X1), Exclusive breastfeeding (X2), Immunization (X3), Water quality (X4), Healthcare center (X5), and Poverty level (X6). Based on the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test, the results of malnutrition data in Indonesia Province in 2015 do not follow Poisson distribution because of overdispersion. The presence of overdispersion cases in the Poisson regression model will have an impact on the inappropriateness of inferences. An alternative model that accommodates this case is the negative binomial regression model. By using this model, factors that are considered influencing malnutrition cases in Indonesia provinces in 2015 are Immunization (X3), Water quality (X4), and Poverty level (X6).
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