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Abstract

Buta-Buta (Excoecaria agallocha L.) leaf is a type of mangrove plants that has antibacterial activity againtsbacteriacausing acne, Staphylococcus epidermidis,. This study aims to formulate buta-buta leaf extract with the concentration of 12.5 % into anti-acne gel using two gels, namely HPMC 8% (Formula 1) and Carbopol 940 2%(Formula 2). Antibacterial activity test was carried out by agar diffusion method using well. The stability and antibacterial activity data during 28 days were analyzed statistically using unpaired t-student with a degree of confidence of 95% (α = 0.05). The evaluation results of anti-acne gel form of buta-buta leaf extract in Formula 2 showedbetter characteristics than Formula 1, which include organoleptic examination, homogenity, pH and viscosity during 28 days. The antibacterial test showed the diameter of inhibition zone of Formula 2 is 11.03 mm ±0,01. The statistic analysis showed a significant difference between Formula 2 with a positive control (klindamisin gel).

Keywords

Buta-buta leaf extract Excoecaria agallocha L. Anti-acne gel HPMC Carbopol 940 S.epidermidis

Article Details

How to Cite
Borman, I. O., Yusriadi, Y., & Sulastri, E. (2015). GEL ANTI JERAWAT EKSTRAK DAUN BUTA-BUTA (Excoecaria agallocha L.) DAN PENGUJIAN ANTIBAKTERI Staphylococcus epidermidis. Jurnal Farmasi Galenika (Galenika Journal of Pharmacy) (e-Journal), 1(2), 65-72. https://doi.org/10.22487/j24428744.2015.v1.i2.6215