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Hymenoptera is one Order of insect which helpful for plant pollination, produces honey and wax, also can eliminate pests, one of which is in cowpea plants. This study aims to determine the diversity of Hymenoptera insects in cowpea (Vigna sinensis L.) agricultural area at Martapura District, Banjar Regency, South Kalimantan. Hymenoptera insect collection is carried out in the villages of Bincau, Labuan Tabu and Indra Sari with two kinds of methods, namely swep net during the day and light trap at night. The results showed that the cowpea agricultural area in Labuan Tabu village had the highest diversity value with a value of H '= 2.58, while the lowest value of H' was 2.28 in Indra Sari Village.
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